2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States

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2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States

Do you want to know more about the numerous tribes recognized by the US government this 2020? The list of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States has been released and it is an interesting read for anyone interested in the diverse indigenous cultures of America. The list includes over 570 tribes spread across the continental US and Alaska, each with its unique traditions, history, and customs.

The 2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States highlights the rich heritage and contribution of Native American communities to the country’s history and culture. From the Apache to the Zuni, each tribe has a story to tell and a vibrant culture to share with the world. This list is an important reference for policymakers, academics, historians, and anyone interested in supporting or learning from these indigenous communities.

Whether you’re an avid student of Native American culture or just curious about the fascinating histories and traditions of these tribes, the 2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States is an essential read. It offers a glimpse into a diverse range of tribes, languages, and cultures, from the Cherokee Nation to the Navajo Nation, and beyond. Step into the world of Native American communities and their enduring legacies by exploring this comprehensive list today.

Federally Recognized Tribes 2020
“Federally Recognized Tribes 2020” ~ bbaz

2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States: A Comparison

Federal recognition is important for Native American tribes as it grants them a range of benefits and government-to-government relationships. In the U.S., there are currently 574 federally recognized tribes with a total population of around 2.9 million. This article compares the 2020 list of federally recognized tribes in the U.S. based on various factors such as size, location, language, and culture.

Size of the Tribes

When it comes to the size of the tribes, the Navajo Nation is the largest with a total population of around 300,048 as of 2019. The Cherokee Nation is the second largest, with a population of around 141,000. Meanwhile, the smallest tribe is the Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe with only around 516 enrolled members.

Tribes Population
Navajo Nation 300,048
Cherokee Nation 141,000
Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe 516

It’s interesting to note that while some tribes have a large number of enrolled members, their reservation or land bases may be smaller than others. This means that the population density may be higher for these tribes.

Location of the Tribes

The tribes are spread across the U.S., with some concentrated in certain regions. For example, many tribes are located in Alaska, which has over 200 tribes. California also has over 100 recognized tribes, while Maine has only four.

Some tribes have reservations or land bases that span multiple states, such as the Navajo Nation, which covers parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. The Yakama Nation’s reservation spans over 1.2 million acres in Washington state, while the Muscogee Creek Nation has jurisdiction over 11 counties in Oklahoma.

Language and Culture of the Tribes

The tribes in the U.S. have diverse cultures and speak different languages. Some tribes, such as the Navajo Nation, have their own language that is still spoken by many members. Others may have lost their native language due to colonization and assimilation policies.

The Hualapai Tribe, for example, has made efforts to revitalize their language by creating language immersion programs for children. The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe has maintained their traditions of clamming and fishing, which are an integral part of their culture.

Federal Recognition of the Tribes

The process of federal recognition is a long and complicated one, and not all tribes are recognized by the U.S. government. As of 2020, there are 574 federally recognized tribes. However, there are many more tribes that are seeking recognition or have been denied recognition.

Some tribes, such as the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, have been seeking federal recognition for decades. The Lumbee Tribe was initially recognized by the state of North Carolina in 1885 but has yet to receive federal recognition.

Funding and Benefits for Federally Recognized Tribes

Federal recognition provides tribes with access to various benefits and funding from the U.S. government. For example, federally recognized tribes are eligible for grants from the Indian Health Service and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. They can also build casinos on their land and generate revenue from gaming.

However, not all tribes have equal access to funding and resources. Some have received more funding than others, leading to disparities in healthcare, education, and infrastructure. This is something that needs to be addressed by the U.S. government to ensure that all tribes are given the same opportunities and resources to thrive.

Challenges Faced by Federally Recognized Tribes

Despite being federally recognized, many tribes still face challenges such as poverty, unemployment, and inadequate healthcare. Many tribal members live in rural areas with little or no access to jobs or healthcare facilities, leading to health disparities and lower life expectancies.

Moreover, many tribes are still recovering from the effects of colonialism and forced assimilation policies, which have had a lasting impact on their culture and traditions. It is crucial for the U.S. government to acknowledge this history and work towards repairing the relationship with Native American tribes.


The 2020 list of federally recognized tribes in the U.S. reflects the diversity and complexity of Native American culture and traditions. While some tribes have been able to maintain their language and culture, others have struggled due to colonization and assimilation policies. Federally recognized tribes have access to funding and benefits from the U.S. government, but there are disparities in the distribution of these resources. The U.S. government must work towards providing equal opportunities and resources to all tribes, while also acknowledging and addressing the challenges faced by Native American communities.

2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States

Thank you for taking the time to read our 2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States. We hope this article has provided you with insight on the tribes that have persevered through centuries of colonization, oppression, and marginalization. It is important to acknowledge and recognize the contributions that these tribes have given to American culture, history, and society.

While this list is an overview of the federally recognized tribes in the United States, we encourage you to further research and learn about the individual cultures, traditions, and customs of each tribe. There are currently 574 federally recognized tribes in the United States and each has a unique story to tell. It is crucial to support and amplify their voices, as they have been disproportionately affected by systemic racism and discrimination throughout history.

We ask that you continue to honor and respect the sovereignty of these tribes and their right to self-determination. As non-indigenous people, it is important to recognize and support indigenous-led initiatives, organizations, and movements. We hope that this list serves as a starting point for your journey in understanding and advocating for indigenous rights and representation.

2020 List of Federally Recognized Tribes in the United States:

  1. Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas
  2. Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
  3. Blackfeet Nation
  4. Cherokee Nation
  5. Chickasaw Nation
  6. Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
  7. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  8. Citizen Potawatomi Nation
  9. Cochiti Pueblo
  10. Comanche Nation
  11. Crow Tribe of Montana
  12. Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
  13. Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
  14. Fort Belknap Indian Community
  15. Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
  16. Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes
  17. Gila River Indian Community
  18. Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin
  19. Hopi Tribe of Arizona
  20. Jicarilla Apache Nation
  21. Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation
  22. Karuk Tribe of California
  23. Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
  24. Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
  25. Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
  26. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
  27. Lower Brule Sioux Tribe
  28. Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation
  29. Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation
  30. Mescalero Apache Tribe
  31. Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
  32. Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe
  33. Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
  34. Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut
  35. Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island
  36. Navajo Nation
  37. Nez Perce Tribe
  38. Nisqually Indian Tribe
  39. Nooksack Indian Tribe
  40. Oglala Sioux Tribe
  41. Oneida Nation
  42. Osage Nation
  43. Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
  44. Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah
  45. Pascua Yaqui Tribe
  46. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
  47. Penobscot Nation
  48. Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians
  49. Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
  50. Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe
  51. Pueblo of Acoma
  52. Pueblo of Jemez
  53. Pueblo of Laguna
  54. Pueblo of San Felipe
  55. Pueblo of Santa Ana
  56. Pueblo of Taos
  57. Puyallup Tribe of Indians
  58. Quapaw Nation of Oklahoma
  59. Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation
  60. Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
  61. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
  62. Rosebud Sioux Tribe
  63. Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
  64. Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
  65. Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
  66. Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community
  67. San Carlos Apache Tribe
  68. San Manuel Band of Mission Indians
  69. Santa Clara Pueblo
  70. Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
  71. Seminole Tribe of Florida
  72. Seneca Nation of Indians
  73. Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians

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